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  Management Models Outline

About Leadership Models – I highly recommend that you study the leadership literature and I’ll provide many pointers to books, periodicals, and blogs in the “roadmap to promotion” section of the class.Many of these publications provide leadership models, and I’ve found many of these to be useful. In this section, I’ll provide my interpretation of these models, a brief summary, and how to use these in practice.

GRPI- Stands for Goals, Roles, Process, and Interpersonal skills. This model helps form a team around a common goal.This could be the team that you are leading or an ad-hoc team brought together to solve a particular problem.

DACI / RACI – are models for making and communicating decisions. D stands for Driver, A for Approver, C for contributor, and I for informed.The RACI model is the same, but R stands for Responsible.In this model, the Driver or Responsible party is an individual that leads the decision process, works with the Contributors to lay out the decision criteria, do the research, and prepare the recommendation to the A – the Approver.Once the decision is made, the Driver or Responsible person informs the Informed list.

Goals Planning Matrix – The goals planning matrix is a way to organize all of the competing factors in a complex decision or goal. This matrix organizes these factors along two dimensions, things that are good or not good, and things that desirable or not desirable. This leads to 4 categories, things you want to preserve or eliminate, and things you want to achieve or avoid.

Change Curve- is a model for leading change in an organization. The curve shows the reactions that people typically experience when a change is imposed, starting with shock and a loss of productivity through acceptance when productivity improves (and is hopefully better than the original if your change was successful)

DREC – DREC stands for Denial, Resistance, Evaluating, and Commitment and is another variation of the Change curve.

Situational Leadership – provides 4 leadership styles to match 4 developmental states of employees.The situational leadership model states that you should match your leadership style to the developmental state of the employee.To illustrate this quickly, imagine someone very new to a task, they will need a very “directive” style of leadership where you give them specific directions on how to do the job.Someone who is fully competent and experienced in a task really just needs you to delegate work to them – they don’t need the direction.

BCG – The BCG matrix is a strategic planning tool for businesses.BCG stands for Boston Consulting Group, the company that created the matrix.You probably won’t use the BCG matrix, but its useful to understand it, and where your project fits on the matrix.

LEAN Startup – Lean startup is a model for innovation, most known for applications with silicon valley startups, but components of this model are useful for any new activity.The model relies heavily of knowing what you know and designing experiments to learn what you don’t know.

First things first – The First Things First model came from Steven Covey’s great book, the 7 habits of highly successful individuals. It’s a great model for thinking about how you spend your time.Everything that you choose to do is either important or not-important and comes at you with some level of urgency. Leaders who embrace this model learn to invest much time in the important but not urgent category, where many emergencies can be prevented.

Leading Meetings – As an individual contributor, you’ve probably spent too much time in ineffective meetings.As a leader, you will be leading many meetings and in your meetings, you’ll want to maximize the productivity. This section will provide a model for effective meetings.

And many more – These models are just the start.In my experience, having many models in mind really helps me jump into a situation and make decisions based on experience, or fall back to a model to help move forward.

  • Leadership and Management
  • Why people leave
  • Employee Engagement – 3 reasons
  • SMART Goals
  • Big Hairy Audacious Goals (BHAG)
  • OKR (Objectives & Key Results)
  • MBWA (Management by walking around)